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Toothache Treatment and Prevention

To understand why a toothache happens, let’s take a closer look at how your teeth work. Your teeth are made of several layers. On the outside of the tooth, there is a hard coating called enamel. Enamel protects the softer inside layers of the tooth. This softer layer is called “dentin”. Dentin contains thousands of tiny channels that lead to the center of the tooth. This channel is called the “pulp”. Here is where the nerve is located. The nerve provides sensation to your teeth. Sometimes, tooth decay or an infection can cause the pulp to become irritated. This can cause pain. The pulp is protected by the dentin. When dentin is damaged, the pulp becomes exposed. This can also cause pain.

Treatment Options:

Treatment for toothaches depends on the underlying cause. If it’s just an aching tooth, you can:

  • Rinse your mouth with warm salt water.

  • Gently floss your teeth to remove any food debris that might be trapped between your teeth.

  • Take an over-the-counter pain medication.

  • Gently apply a cold compress to your face.

  • Avoid eating hot, spicy, or acidic foods, which can irritate your tooth and increase your discomfort.

If your toothache is caused by a cavity or abscess, you’ll need a filling or root canal. If your toothache is caused by gum disease, you’ll need professional deep cleaning and antibiotics.

If your toothache is caused by trauma, try rinsing your mouth out with warm water and see your dentist as soon as possible.


Cavities and tooth decay are preventable. Here are some steps to take to prevent toothaches:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day.

  • Floss your teeth at least once a day.

  • Eat a healthy diet.

  • Drink more water.

  • See a dentist for twice-yearly checkups.

  • Chew sugar-free gum after meals.

To find out more about the dental services offered by our dentist in Albuquerque NM, Dr. Snyder, call (505)-293-7611, schedule an online consultation or visit us at 4830 Juan Tabo Blvd. NE, Ste. K, Albuquerque, NM, 87111.



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